How to make compost at home
Organic Farming

How to Make Compost at Home

What is Compost:

It is the process of turning organic matter into humus. Compost also helps to improve the soil structure. And it provide good aeration, moisture-holding capacity and better tilth. The recommendation to improve any soil, whether clay or sand, is to add organic matter.

Flour elements to produce compost: 

  1. Nitrogen (greens)
  2. Carbon (browns)
  3. Water
  4. Oxygen

Compost happens when you combine these in the right proportions, you get heat and voilà!

Nitrogen (green):

  1. Keep in mind that the word “greens” does not refer to color.
  2. But instead to something that is high in protein and therefore a good source of nitrogen.
  3. Grass clippings, coffee grounds, vegetative kitchen scraps, weeds (without seed heads).
  4. And manure from grass-eating animals are all great greens.

Carbon (Brown):

  1. “Browns” are high in carbohydrates, thus an organic source of carbon.
  2. Carbon has the added benefit of absorbing offensive odors.
  3. And preventing the organic nitrogen from escaping through evaporation.
  4. Leaves, straw, shredded paper and sawdust make good browns.

Water & Oxygen:

  1. Rain and supplemental watering during dry times add the compost’s water requirement.
  2. Oxygen, of course, comes from the air.
  3. As the pile starts decomposing and settling, you can speed up the process by turning it occasionally to get oxygen back into the middle.

How to Compost:

  1. The smaller the pieces going into a pile, the faster it will turn into compost.
  2. Few people have room to store a chipper/shredder, but most of us have lawn mowers.
  3. Mowing your leaves in the fall before collecting them works fine.
  4. Once you start composting, you will soon discover that greens are abundant in spring and summer.
  5. But browns are scarcer until autumn when the trees shed their leaves. 
  6. Collect the leaves in the fall and store them until spring.
  7. Storing greens doesn’t work because they start to stink.
  8. And lose their beneficial moisture and some of their nitrogen punch very fast.
  9. As far as location, don’t overdo it.
  10. Your compost can be as simple as a pile of ingredients on the ground.
  11. If you live in a windy area, you can contain it with a wire enclosure or bins made from old wooden pallets.
  12. Either way, it’s an easy way to create your own compost with the items you already have.
READ:  How to Make Compost from Rice Straw

How to Make Compost:

  1. First stand your compost bin and directly on the soil worms.
  2. And other micro-organisms will speed up the composting process.
  3. Find out which compost bin is best for you.
  4. Chicken wire at the base will keep rodents out.
  5. Add an equal mix of green and brown materials.
  6. Speed up the process by turning your heap occasionally with a garden fork to aerate it.
  7. Mixing the outside ingredients to the inside.
  8. Cover your bin to keep the rain out. 
  9. When the mixture turns brown and crumbly and slightly sweet smelling, the process is complete.
  10. This will take around six months if the heap has been turned regularly, but can take much longer.

What is Compost

It is the process of turning organic matter into humus. Compost also helps to improve the soil structure. And it provide good aeration, moisture-holding capacity and better tilth. The recommendation to improve any soil, whether clay or sand, is to add organic matter.

What are elements to produce compost

Nitrogen (greens)
Carbon (browns)
Water
Oxygen

Noshad Ali
the authorNoshad Ali
Founder & Managing Director
M.Sc (Hons) Horticulture & Member of PSHS (Pakistan Society Horticulture Science) and Working as Field Facilitator in CAB International

1 Comment

Leave a Reply