Mung Bean is one of the most popular pulses across the world. And green gram, commonly called moong or mung bean. When it result lower yields and poor grain qaulity. Then it will be reason of harvesting of mung bean not on proper time. Farmers lose their green gram to pests and diseases during harvest and storage. # How to Harvest Mung Bean //
Care in harvesting and storage:
- When green gram is harvested late, the dry pods may shatter, exposing the grains to diseases and pests.
- In storage, grains that are not properly dried will get mouldy and have more insect damage.
- Earthen pots are porous and keep the seed cool and fresh.
- Closing the earthen pot with a cotton cloth lets in the air, which keeps the seed fresh.
- Insects do not like the smell of vegetable oil or of neem leaves.
The right time to harvest and safe storage: # How to Harvest Mung Bean //
- Green gram is ready for harvest 65 to 70 days after sowing, depending on the variety.
- Harvest when the pods are dry and change from green to brownish.
- At first, handpick only the dry pods.
- Dry the pods on tarpaulin in the sun for 2 to 3 days.
- Keep the dried pods in a gunny or cloth bag and keep the bag in the shade.
- After 10 to 15 days harvest the remaining pods or cut the entire plant with a sickle.
- Dry the harvested plants in bright sunlight for 2 to 3 days.
- Thresh all dried plants along with the earlier harvested dried pods with a wooden stick on a tarpaulin.
- Winnow the grains and dry them in the sun for 2 to 3 more days.
- Bite a few grains: if they are hard to crack, they are dry enough for storage.
- Select the best seed for the next sowing season.
- Apply two tablespoons of vegetable oil for 1 kilogram of seed and store it in an earthen pot.
- Add half a handful of fresh neem leaves and add 4 to 5 dried red chilies at the bottom and on top of the pot after adding the seed.
- Store the grain that you will eat in clean gunny bags or containers.
- Add a handfuls of fresh neem leaves to keep away insects.
- Keep the grain bags one or 2 hands above the ground and away from walls.
- Keep the area dry and clean.
- Inspect your grain and seed pot every fortnight or month.
- Every 3 to 4 months, put the grains under the sun to dry for 1 or 2 days after which you again store it in bags.