How Deep-Sea Mining Can Damage Underwater Ecosystems
Environmental

How Deep-Sea Mining Can Damage Underwater Ecosystems

# Deep sea mining damage underwater / The process in which we retrieve the minerals from the deep sea is known as deep-sea mining. The main stimulators of the deep-sea mining are the rising demands of the metals and the depletion of the terrestrial deposits. The deep-sea mining is creating real problems for the underwater ecosystems. The scrape of the seafloor and pollution of the mining process is creating real problems for the entire species in the underwater ecosystems. If we want to limit the problems of deep-sea mining, we have to adopt mitigation strategies. Effective regulation can also limit the problems of deep-sea mining.

As we know the ocean covers almost 65% of our earth’s surface. With the help of deep-sea mining, we try to retrieve the minerals from the surface of the ocean. Nowadays, we are producing high tech applications in the form of smartphones, electric storage batteries and wind turbines etc. To produce these high-tech applications, we have to use some metals like copper, nickel and aluminum etc. It means that the demand for these metals is increasing but we don’t have enough resources of these metals. To fulfil these needs, we are looking for the deep-sea resources of these metals. That’s why we have started deep-sea mining at a large scale.

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The deep-sea mining is destroying the underwater ecosystems in various ways. First, the seafloor is creating disturbances for underground ecosystems. With the help of machines, we are creating disturbances in the scrapping of the ocean floor. As a result, we are destroying the deep-sea habitats. This thing is becoming the cause of the loss of the species. This thing is also creating problems for the ecosystem structure and function. Most of the species that are found in the deep-sea can’t alive anywhere on the earth. If we are disturbing their habitats, it means that we are destroying these species.

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The sediment plumes of the deep-sea mining are also creating problems for the underwater ecosystems. While mining in the deep-sea, the sediments of the seafloor create plumes of the suspended particles. These sediments take lots of time to settle down at the surface of the seafloor. These sediments create problems for the filter-feeding species. Its reason is that these filter-feeding species depend on the clear water for feeding. As a result, krill and whale sharks are facing lots of feeding problems.

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During the deep-sea mining, the underground ecosystem is also disturbed due to the pollution. First, the machines of deep-sea mining create noise pollution. Some species are facing real problems due to noise pollution. These deep-sea mining machines also create vibrations and light pollution. This kind of pollution is also dangerous for various species. The leaks and the spills of the fuel and toxic products are also creating pollution in the deep-sea water. When the species drink water which contains these toxic products and fuels, these species also face lots of problems. Moreover, it is also difficult for these species to breathe in the polluted water.

Scientists as well as researchers of dissertation help companies are warning us about the hazards of deep-sea mining on oceans and marine life. To show the hazards of deep-sea mining on marine life, scientists have also written lots of research papers. Some species in the sea like coral reefs and sharks have very slow growth. Moreover, these are also known as the longest living creatures on the earth. Deep-sea mining is physically disturbing their ecosystems. Therefore, there is a possibility that the average age of these species will be decreased. The ships that we are using at the surface of the water for mining, is also creating pollution issues at several kilometers in the ocean.

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Some extinct species are also living in the sea. When we see these species, we will be astounded because these species don’t look the species of this planet. There are also some species which are eating worms. Due to deep-sea mining, we are also disturbing the habitats of these species. If these distinct species will be finished from the deep-sea water, we can’t see the real beauty of the marine life. Moreover, the species which are eating worms are also eradicating. As a result, this thing is also creating real problems for marine life. Its reason is that the quantity of worms is increasing day by day.

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Deep-sea mining can also create some problems for our environment. The marine life is naturally absorbing the blue carbon. When these species die, this carbon remains in the sediment of the deep sea. This thing is slowing down climate change. With the help of deep-sea mining, we are also disturbing the natural process of absorbing the blue carbon. It means that this blue carbon is releasing in the environment. As a result, we are facing a climate change problem. This thing is becoming a cause of worsening climate change.

This thing is also disturbing the ocean food chain. Its reason is that with the help of deep-sea mining, we are cultivating the green space. As a result, different species which depend on these green spaces for food can’t find necessary food. As a result, these species die. There are also some species which depend on other species for food. If their victims are dying, it means that these species will also die. A disturbance will be created in marine life due to the disturbance in the food chain.

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According to scientists, we have discovered only 0.0001% of the seafloor and deep ocean species. The scientists are exploring the deep oceans and they are discovering new wonders. It means that scientists are exploring more wildlife and ecosystems. Now, due to deep-sea mining, there is a possibility that lots of deep-sea species will die. It means that we can’t explore these wonders of the deep sea. We should understand that these minerals are not more beneficial for us than marine life. If we want to extract these minerals, we should try to ensure the safety of marine life. For this reason, we have to understand the species in the deep sea by comprehensive baseline studies. We should also take an overview of the environmental impacts of our techniques.

Sheraz Khan Baloch
Sheraz Khan Baloch is a tech blogger who often writes on different tech and social issues.

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