Botanical Names and Local Names of Crops
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Botanical Names and Local Names of Crops

There are lot names of single plant in different languages.

However, if there is the same language of two areas. It possibly that the names of the plant could be different. Because of their location. That names are known as local name or common which we used to identify the plant.

But scientificly, to identify the plant we use a single name. And that known as the scientific name or botanical name of the plant. And that use in all over the world, and it confirms to the International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (ICBN).

We enlist the botanical names of 54 crops which include cereals, legumes, root crops, fiber crops, oil crops, sugar crops, forage crops, beverage crops, medicinal crops, vegetables, fruit crops and ornamental crops

Read Related: List Of Flowers: Common & Botanical Name with image

List of Crops With Botanical Names:

PICTURES

LOCAL NAME

SCIENTIFIC NAME

Cereals

Rice

Oryza sativa

Corn

Zea mays

Sorghum

Sorghum bicolor

Wheat

Triticum aestivum

Legume

Lima bean

Phaseolus lunatus

Mungbean

Vigna radiata

Sitao

Vigna unguiculata

Soybean

Glycine max

Winged bean

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus

Root Crops

Arrow root

Maranta arundinacea

Cassava

Manihotesculenta

Sweet potato

Ipomoea batatas

Ubi

Dioscoreaalata

Fiber Crops

Abaca

Musa textilis

Cotton

Gossypiumhirsutum

Kenaf

Hibiscus cannabinus

Ramie

Boehmerianivea

Oil Crops

Coconut

Cocosnucifera

Peanut

Arachishypogaea

Sunflower

Helianthus annuus

Sugar Crop

Sugar beet

Beta vulgaris

Sugarcane

Saccharumofficinarum

Forage Crops

Guinea grass

Megathyrsusmaximus

Ipil-ipil

Leucaenaleucocephala

Napier grass

Pennisetumpurpureum

Para grass

Urochloamutica

Beverage crops

Cacao

Theobroma cacao

Coffee

Coffeaarabica

Spices, condiments, essences

Black pepper

Piper nigrum

Lemon grass

Andropogoncitratus

Vanilla

Vanilla planifolia

Latex and rasins

Chico

Manilkarazapota

Papaya

Carica papaya

Rubber

Heveabrasiliensis

Medicinal crops

Bitter gourd

Momordicacharantia

Lagundi

Vitexnegundo

Pansit-pansitan

Peperomiapellucida

Sambong

Blumeabalsamifera

Vegetable crops

Eggplant

Solanummelongena

Katuray

Sesbaniagrandiflora

Lettuce

Lactuca sativa

Tomato

Solanumlycopersicum

Upo

Lagenariasiceraria

Fruit crops

Banana

Musa acuminata

Durian

Duriozibethinus

Mango

Mangiferaindica

Pineapple

Ananascomosus

Rambutan

Nepheliumlappaceum

Ornamental crops

Ground orchid

Spathoglottisplicata

King-of- flowering-trees

Saracadeclinata

Mussaenda

Mussaendaphilippica

Royal palm

Roystonearegia

Song-of-india

Dracaena reflexa

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Noshad Ali
the authorNoshad Ali
M.Sc (Hons) Horticulture & Member of PSHS (Pakistan Society Horticulture Science) and Working as Field Facilitator in CAB International

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